A Guide To Traveling From China To Mongolia

how to travel to mongolia from china

China and Mongolia, two neighboring countries rich in history, culture, and stunning landscapes, hold endless possibilities for an unforgettable travel experience. From the bustling cities of Beijing and Ulaanbaatar to the vast grasslands of Inner Mongolia and the Gobi Desert, this comprehensive guide will take you on a journey through time and space. Whether you're a seasoned traveler or embarking on your first international trip, join us as we navigate the intricate paths that connect these two intriguing destinations, offering invaluable tips, hidden gems, and practical advice along the way. Get ready to embark on an adventure like no other as we unravel the secrets of traversing from China to Mongolia and uncover the wonders that await you.

Characteristics Values
Visa Required
Vaccinations Not specified
Currency Mongolian tögrög (MNT)
Language Mongolian, Mandarin Chinese
Time Zone UTC+8 (China Standard Time), UTC+8:30 (Mongolia Standard Time)
Driving Side Right-hand side
Power Plug Type C, E
Transportation Train, Bus, Airplane
Best Time to Visit May to September
Popular Destinations Ulaanbaatar, Khovsgol Lake, Gobi Desert


Traveling by Train from China to Mongolia

If you're looking for an exciting and adventurous way to travel from China to Mongolia, taking a train is a great option. Not only will you have the opportunity to see the beautiful landscapes, but you'll also have a chance to experience the local culture and meet fellow travelers along the way. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to travel by train from China to Mongolia.

Step 1: Choose your starting point in China

There are several cities in China where you can catch a train to Mongolia. The most popular choices are Beijing and Hohhot. Beijing is a great starting point as it has excellent train connections to other cities in China and is easily accessible for international travelers. Hohhot, on the other hand, is closer to the Mongolia border and can be a more convenient starting point if you're coming from the northern part of China.

Step 2: Check the train schedules and book your ticket

Once you've decided on your starting point, you'll need to check the train schedules and book your ticket. You can do this online or at the train station in China. It's recommended to book your ticket in advance, especially if you're traveling during peak season. Trains to Mongolia can get crowded, and you don't want to risk not getting a seat.

Step 3: Prepare your documents and visa

Before traveling to Mongolia, make sure you have all the necessary documents and visas. Most travelers will need a valid passport and a Mongolian visa. You can apply for a Mongolian visa at the Mongolian embassy or consulate in your home country or in China. It's essential to check the visa requirements beforehand and allow enough time for the application process.

Step 4: Pack your essentials

When packing for your train journey, consider the length of the trip and the season you're traveling in. Make sure to bring comfortable clothes, as you'll be spending a considerable amount of time on the train. It's also a good idea to bring snacks, water, toiletries, a power bank, and entertainment like books or movies to keep yourself occupied during the journey.

Step 5: Arrive at the train station early

On the day of your departure, arrive at the train station early to avoid any last-minute hassles. Depending on the station and the specific train you're taking, you may need to go through security checks and have your ticket and documents verified. It's always better to be early and have some extra time than to rush and risk missing your train.

Step 6: Enjoy the journey

Once on the train, sit back, relax, and enjoy the journey. Trains from China to Mongolia are usually overnight sleeper trains, so you'll have a bed to rest and sleep on during the trip. The train will make several stops along the way, giving you a chance to stretch your legs and buy some local snacks or souvenirs. Take this time to soak in the beautiful scenery and chat with fellow travelers.

Step 7: Arrival in Mongolia

After a long and exciting train journey, you'll finally arrive in Mongolia. The train will usually stop at Ulaanbaatar, the capital city of Mongolia. From there, you can explore other parts of Mongolia or continue your journey to other countries in the region.


Crossing the China-Mongolia Border by Road

If you're planning a trip to Mongolia from China, crossing the border by road can be an exciting and adventurous option. The journey offers stunning landscapes and gives you the opportunity to explore remote areas along the way. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to travel to Mongolia from China by road.

  • Choose your route: There are several border crossings between China and Mongolia, but the most popular one is the Erenhot-Zamyn-Uud crossing. This route connects the Chinese town of Erenhot with the Mongolian town of Zamyn-Uud and is well-serviced by transportation options.
  • Get the necessary permits and visas: Before embarking on your journey, make sure you have all the required travel documents. Chinese citizens need a valid passport and a Mongolian visa, which can be obtained in advance from the Mongolian embassy or consulate in China. Non-Chinese citizens may also need a Chinese visa, depending on their nationality. Check the visa requirements well in advance and allow enough time for processing.
  • Plan your transportation: There are various modes of transportation available for the journey. Buses and trains operate between Erenhot and Zamyn-Uud, and the trip takes around 6-8 hours. If you prefer more flexibility, you can also hire a private car or join a guided tour. Renting a car is another option, but be aware that driving in rural Mongolia can be challenging due to the rugged terrain and lack of infrastructure.
  • Prepare for the border crossing: The border crossing can be a time-consuming process, so it's important to be well-prepared. Make sure you have all the necessary documents with you, including your passport, visa, and any required permits. Be prepared for potential language barriers, as English may not be widely spoken at the border. Having a written itinerary and address details can help communicate your travel plans.
  • Complete customs and immigration procedures: When you arrive at the border, you'll need to go through customs and immigration procedures on both the Chinese and Mongolian sides. Fill out the relevant forms and follow the instructions of the border officials. Remember to declare any items that need to be declared, such as large sums of money or restricted goods.
  • Exchange currency: It's a good idea to exchange your Chinese yuan for Mongolian tögrög at the border. While some businesses in Mongolia may accept Chinese yuan, having the local currency will make transactions easier. Currency exchange services are available at the border crossing.
  • Arrange transportation in Mongolia: Once you have crossed the border, you'll need to arrange transportation to your destination in Mongolia. There are taxis and buses available at Zamyn-Uud, which can take you to nearby cities like Ulaanbaatar. If you have pre-booked accommodation, check if they offer transportation services from the border.
  • Enjoy your journey in Mongolia: With the border crossing behind you, it's time to explore the vast and beautiful land of Mongolia. Whether you're heading to the bustling capital city or venturing into the remote Mongolian countryside, be prepared for an adventure of a lifetime.

Traveling from China to Mongolia by road is a unique way to experience the beauty and diversity of these two countries. By following these steps and planning ahead, you'll be well-prepared for your journey and ready to make unforgettable memories in Mongolia.


Flying from China to Mongolia: Air Travel Options

Are you planning a trip to Mongolia from China? Flying is the easiest and most convenient way to travel between these two countries. In this article, we will explore the air travel options available and provide you with all the necessary details to make your journey smooth and hassle-free.

Find the Best Airports to Fly Out Of:

  • Beijing Capital International Airport (PEK): This is the largest and busiest airport in China, offering numerous international flights, including those to Mongolia.
  • Shanghai Pudong International Airport (PVG): Another major airport in China with a wide range of international flights, including flights to Mongolia.
  • Hohhot Baita International Airport (HET): Located in Inner Mongolia, Hohhot Airport offers direct flights to Mongolia, saving you time and providing a more convenient travel option if you are already in the region.

Choose the Right Airline:

  • Air China: The national carrier of China, Air China offers regular flights between Beijing and Ulaanbaatar, the capital city of Mongolia.
  • MIAT Mongolian Airlines: This is the national airline of Mongolia and offers direct flights between Ulaanbaatar and various cities in China, including Beijing and Shanghai.
  • Hainan Airlines: Another popular choice, Hainan Airlines operates regular flights between Beijing and Ulaanbaatar.

Check Flight Schedules and Availability:

Once you have decided on the airports and airlines, check their flight schedules and availability. It is recommended to book your tickets in advance, especially during peak travel seasons, to secure the best fares and ensure a smooth journey.

Complete the Necessary Documentation:

  • Ensure that you have a valid passport with at least six months validity beyond your intended departure date. Check the visa requirements for entering Mongolia, as they vary based on your nationality. Apply for a visa if necessary.
  • Fill out any required travel forms and prepare any additional documents that may be needed for immigration and customs clearance.

Pack Appropriately:

  • Mongolia experiences extreme weather conditions, so pack accordingly. Don't forget to bring warm clothing if you are visiting during the colder months.
  • Check the baggage allowance and restrictions of the airline you are flying with to avoid any inconvenience or additional charges at the airport.

Arrive at the Airport Early:

Make sure to arrive at the airport well in advance. International flights usually require passengers to check-in at least two to three hours before the scheduled departure time.

Enjoy Your Flight:

Sit back, relax, and enjoy your flight to Mongolia! Take in the beautiful views as you fly over the vast landscapes, and get ready to explore this unique and stunning country.

Flying from China to Mongolia is a convenient and time-saving option for travelers. By following these steps and planning ahead, you can ensure a smooth and enjoyable journey to this fascinating destination. Safe travels!


Planning an Overland Journey from China to Mongolia

If you're an adventurous traveler looking to explore the stunning landscapes and vibrant cultures of China and Mongolia, an overland journey from China to Mongolia is the perfect way to experience both countries. This guide will provide you with all the information you need to plan your trip.

Choosing the Route:

There are several routes you can take to travel from China to Mongolia, but one of the most popular routes is through the Gobi Desert. This route allows you to experience the vastness of the desert and enjoy the natural beauty along the way. Alternatively, you can also choose to travel through the grasslands of Inner Mongolia, which offer a different kind of scenery and cultural experience.

Getting to the Starting Point:

To begin your overland journey, you'll first need to reach the starting point, which is usually Ulanqab in Inner Mongolia or Hohhot, the capital of Inner Mongolia. You can fly into either of these cities from major Chinese cities like Beijing or Shanghai. Once you arrive, you can either take a bus or hire a private car to reach the border town of Ereenhot, which is the gateway to Mongolia.

Crossing the Border:

Before crossing the border, make sure you have all the necessary travel documents, including your passport and visa. You'll need a valid Mongolian visa to enter Mongolia, which you can obtain in advance from the Mongolian Embassy or Consulate in your home country. Once you reach the border, go through the immigration procedures and get your passport stamped.

Transportation Options:

Once you're in Mongolia, you'll need to decide on your mode of transportation. If you're an experienced driver and adventurous, you can rent a 4x4 vehicle and drive yourself around Mongolia. However, keep in mind that the roads in Mongolia can be rough and challenging, so it's essential to have some off-road driving experience.

If you prefer a more comfortable and hassle-free option, you can hire a local driver or join a guided tour. Hiring a driver will allow you to sit back and relax while someone else takes care of the driving and navigation. With a guided tour, you'll have the added advantage of having a knowledgeable guide who can provide insights into the local culture and history.

Exploring Mongolia:

Mongolia offers a wealth of attractions and activities for travelers. Some must-visit destinations include the capital city of Ulaanbaatar, the ancient capital of Karakorum, and the stunning scenery of the Terelj National Park. You can also experience traditional Mongolian nomadic culture by staying with local families in ger camps or witnessing the Naadam festival, which showcases Mongolian sports and traditions.

Returning to China:

After exploring Mongolia, you have the option to return to China by crossing the border at Zamyn Uud or Dashrild, depending on your preferred route. Similar to the border crossing into Mongolia, make sure you have all the necessary documents for re-entry into China.

Planning Essentials:

Before starting your overland journey, it's vital to prepare and pack accordingly. Make sure to carry a sufficient amount of cash for your trip, as ATMs may not be readily available in remote areas of Mongolia. Additionally, stock up on essential supplies like food, water, and camping equipment, especially if you plan on camping in remote areas.

It's also essential to research the weather conditions and pack appropriate clothing for the season. Mongolia experiences extreme temperatures, so dress in layers and be prepared for hot days and cold nights.

In conclusion, planning an overland journey from China to Mongolia requires careful research and preparation. By choosing the right route, organizing transportation, and exploring the highlights of both countries, you can create a memorable and rewarding travel experience. Enjoy your adventure!

Frequently asked questions

The most common way to travel from China to Mongolia is by train. You can take a train from Beijing to Ulaanbaatar, the capital of Mongolia. There are also buses and flights available, but the train is the most popular option.

The train journey from Beijing to Ulaanbaatar takes approximately 30 hours. The exact travel time may vary depending on the train schedule and any stops along the way.

Yes, you will need a visa to travel from China to Mongolia. Most nationalities can obtain a visa on arrival at the border or apply for one in advance at a Mongolian embassy or consulate. It is recommended to check the latest visa requirements and regulations before your trip.

When crossing the China-Mongolia border, you will need to go through customs and immigration. You will be required to present your passport, visa, and complete any necessary customs declarations. It is advisable to check the latest entry requirements and regulations before your trip.

Once you arrive in Ulaanbaatar, you can travel around Mongolia by various means of transportation, including trains, buses, taxis, and rental cars. It is also possible to arrange guided tours or hire a driver for more remote areas. The availability of transportation options may vary depending on the location and time of year.

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